Holistic Health News
Dr. Cathy Rosenbaum

Your Holistic Health Earns an IAAIS Award

I am pleased to announce an award on June 14, 2024, given to our radio show, Your Holistic Health, broadcast for Cincinnati Association for the Blind and Visually Impaired (CABVI) participants.  Thank you, Dr. Gramillano, CABVI, and IAAIS!

“Congratulations on first place honors in the Interview/Call-In/Discussion program category for YOUR HOLISTIC HEALTH from IAAIS.org (the International Association of Audio Information Services). The winning interview is your 8-10-2023 show on Emotional Intelligence with your guest, Dr. Robert Gramillano, Certified Emotional Intelligence Coach.  The 08-10-23 episode was recorded at the Cincinnati Association for the Blind and Visually Impaired (CABVI).”

Honey – Nature’s Sweetheart

By Dr. Cathy Rosenbaum, Holistic Clinical Pharmacist, Certified Fitness Nutrition Coach, CEO Rx Integrative Solutions


Honey is a carbohydrate that contains 30% glucose and 40% fructose, both of which when broken down by the body may cause spikes in blood sugar levels.  The glycemic index = 58 for pure honey (moderate glycemic index food).  For perspective, low glycemic index foods have a GI ≤ 55, moderate glycemic index foods have a GI = 56-69.

The type of flowers that bees pollinate to make the honey determine its taste, color, antioxidant, and vitamin contents.  One tablespoonful of honey contains ~64 calories.


  • Raw honey straight from the hive (available as filtered or unfiltered forms)
  • Regular honey (pasteurized, with added sugars)
  • Pure honey (pasteurized, no added sugar/ingredients)
  • Manuka honey (from the manuka bush)
  • Forest honey (from bees fed on tree honeydew instead of flower nectar)
  • Acacia honey (from bees fed on flowers of black locust tree)
  • Organic honey (available as raw or regular forms)
  • Medical grade honey (topical therapeutic)


Raw honey contains water, bee pollen (26 amino acids), bee propolis (resin, oil and wax, pollen, amino acids, sugars, aromatic compounds), antioxidants (flavonoids), enzymes (diastase, invertase, glucose oxidase), minerals (calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium zinc), and vitamins (pantothenic acid, niacin, riboflavin, vitamin C, vitamin E).

Raw honey may contain a few more antioxidants and enzymes than pasteurized honey.  Pasteurization is necessary to kill any yeast, but may reduce raw honey’s antibacterial action, wound healing benefits, antioxidant value, and anti-inflammatory effects.

It is best not to microwave raw honey or put it directly in boiling water to dissolve crystals that form over time as this may destroy some of its nutrient value.



Honey may be a good natural alternative for treating upper respiratory tract infections (Abuelgasim 2020).  In this review of 14 studies mostly in children and a few adults with URIs, authors concluded raw honey used to coat the throat was superior to usual care (e.g., dextromethorphan) for improving cough severity, cough frequency, or both.


Honey has a low pH level (acidic) that may kill harmful bacteria in wounds.  As seen in vitro studies, topical therapeutic (medical grade) honey may inhibit bacterial growth due to its high sugar content, acid pH, hydrogen peroxide production within the wound to aid in debridement, and moisture.

Subrahmanyam (1998) described a prospective randomized clinical and histological study of burn wound healing in two groups of 25 patients assigned to either topical therapeutic honey or topical silver sulfadiazine.  In the honey treated group, 84% of patients demonstrated epithelialization by day seven, and all of them demonstrated satisfactory wound healing by day twenty-one.  In the silver sulfadiazine treated group, epithelialization was present by day seven for 72% of patients and by day 21 for 84% of patients.

Regarding histological evidence of wound healing, 80% of patients treated with honey showed wound improvement by day seven compared to 52% of silver sulfadiazine treated patients by day seven.  These outcomes continued to improve for both groups up to 21 days of treatment.

Medical grade honey should only be applied with the advice and consent of a physician.  Bacterial susceptibility varies based on length of topical exposure to therapeutic honey.  It is prudent to closely monitor the use of therapeutic honey in patients with all wounds, especially diabetic ulcers due to risk of infection.  Before therapeutic honey is used on an open wound, the wound should be swabbed for bacteria culture and sensitivity to honey determined before treatment if necessary.

Not all food grade honey is sterile, and Clostridium botulinum can survive in honey, thereby causing a risk of wound botulism when applied to the wound.  Food-grade honey should not be used for wound healing.  Clinicians should consult the honey manufacturer to find out more about the product before applying honey to an open wound.


Using/taking honey by any route of administration is contraindicated in individuals allergic to honey or pollens contained therein, and in children less than one year of age (Abell 2020).  Individuals with diabetes mellitus should monitor oral honey consumption and its effect on their blood sugar levels.


Honey is an alternative to table sugar or agave syrup, artificial sugar substitutes, or Stevia for sweetening effects, nutritional value, and potential medicinal use.  Please consult with your physician for an accurate diagnosis and directions on how best to use honey for any medicinal or therapeutic purposes.


Abell.  Honey for upper respiratory tract infections. Pharmacy Today November 2020.

Abuelgasim.  BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine August 18, 2020.

Almassandi.  The antibacterial activities of honey.  Saudi J Biol Sci 2021.

Boukraa L.  Honey use in burn management: potentials and limitations.  Forsch Komplementmed 2010;17:74-80.

Cooper R, Wigley P, Burton NF.  Susceptibility of multi-resistant strains of Burkholderia cepacia to honey.  Lett Appl Microbiol 2000;31:20-24.

Jull. Honey as a topical treatment for wounds. Cochrane Database Syst Review 2015.

Maric. A comprehensive study of parameters correlated with honey health benefits.  RSC Adv 2021.

Niaz.  Health benefits of manuka honey as an essential constituent for tissue regeneration. Curr Drug Metab 2017.

Olaitan PB.  Honey: a reservoir for microorganisms and an inhibitory agent for microbes.  African Health Sci 2007;7:159-165.

Pimentel. Stingless bee honey. An overview of health benefits and main market challenges. J Food Biochem 2022.

Sinha. Benefits of manuka honey in the management of infectious disease.  Recent advances and prospects.  Mini Rev Med Chem 2023.

Subrahmanyam M.  A prospective randomized clinical and histological study of superficial burn wound healing with honey and silver sulfadiazine.  Urns 1998;24:157-161.

12 Steps in The Grief Process

In honor of Matthew Perry’s recent passing, we dedicate this post to all who are grieving during the holiday season.

12 Steps in Grief Process Source: https://dennistoll.ca/12_Steps_in_Grief_Process_981014.html

Yet, if we allow ourselves the time to mourn we can gradually break grief’s grip on us. Recognizing the role and value of the grieving process orients us to accepting the fact of the death or life event. Acceptance marks a major step towards recovery.

Grieving follows a pattern, but each griever experiences it differently. Awareness of the basic pattern reveals common ground for mutual help and support. Recognition of uniqueness enables grievers to help themselves, guides sympathizers in what to say and do.

We go numb when someone we love dies (or an unwanted life event happens). We feel stunned, in a trance. This is nature’s way of cushioning us against tragedy. The length and depth of this state varies according to our relationship, the cause of death, reason for the life event to happen, whether it was sudden or expected, etc. Shock allows us time to absorb what has happened and to begin to adjust. The guidance of caring people can sustain new grievers. As numbness wears off and acceptance grows, we regain control of the direction of our lives.

Grievers typically, but in varying degrees, experience loneliness and depression. This pain, too, will pass. Being alone need not result in loneliness. Reaching out to others is a key way to lessen loneliness and to overcome depression.

The mental and emotional upset of a loss by death (or by an unwanted life event) causes physical distress and vulnerability to illness. Grievers sometimes neglect healthy nourishment and exercise, overindulge in drinking, smoking or medication. We might need a doctor’s advice in regard to our symptoms, their causes and their treatment.

The death of a loved one (or the occasion of an unwanted life event) makes the future very uncertain. We might panic in the face of the unknown and fear life without the one who died (or the person involved in the life event). Panic prevents concentration and defers acceptance of the finality of death or other relationship loss. It tempts us to run from life, to avoid people and to refuse to try new things. We might even think we’re going crazy. Patience with ourselves and a willingness to accept help enable us to subdue panic and outgrow its confusion.

Many blame themselves after a loved one’s death (or an unwanted life event) for the death/event itself or for faults in the relationship. We have all made mistakes, and sincere regret is the best response to them. However, self-reproach out of proportion to our behavior affects our mental health and impedes our recovery. Close friends or a trusted counselor can aid us in confronting and dealing with guilt feelings, whether justified or exaggerated.

People in grief naturally ask “Why?” Why him? Why me? Why now? Why like this? Most of these questions have no answers. Frustration then causes us to feel the resentment and anger. We want someone to blame: God, doctors, clergy, ourselves, even the one who died (or was involved in the unwanted life event). If we can accept the lack of answers to “Why?” we might begin to ask, instead, what can we do now to grow through what has happened. Then we have started to move beyond anger and towards hope.

A loved one’s death (or unwanted life event) disrupts emotional balance. The variety and intensity of feelings seem overwhelming. Other grievers and counselors can help us interpret and deal with these feelings. As we come to understand what we experience, we can find appropriate ways to ventilate our emotions and to channel them constructively.

At times in the grieving process, a kind of drifting occurs. Mourners find familiar and necessary activities difficult. We prefer to daydream about what was or fantasize about what might have been. If we can foster gratitude for the past and begin to assess our potential for the future, this will prove a passing phase, not a permanent state.

It takes time and effort, but gradually hope dawns for bereaved people. We learn to express emotions without embarrassment or apology. We cherish memories, bittersweet though they are. We begin to feel concern for and show interest in others. We make decisions and assume responsibility for ourselves. The example of the recovered grievers helps us discover and develop our own potential.

Eventually, grievers recognize and embrace a healing truth: Grief has changed me but has not destroyed me. I’ve discovered new things about myself. I can build on strengths developed through adversity. I’m no longer my “old self” but I’m still me, I face the future with confidence. Life is worth living because I can love and be loved.

More Resources:

Five Stages of Grief – Source: https://psychcentral.com/lib/the-5-stages-of-loss-and-grief/

https://www.griefshare.org/about Grief Share Support Groups and workbook entitled “Your Journey From Mourning to Joy”. Phone 800-395-5755, or write to Grief Share, P O Box 1739 Wake Forest, NC 27588

https://www.samhsa.gov/find-help/national-helpline SAMHSA Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services or dial 988 on your phone or go to the Emergency Room.

https://www.stress.org/holmes-rahe-stress-inventory-pdf Holmes Rahe Change Scale

International Tai Chi Day April 27, 2024

 Tai Chi Easy, a type of meditation, involves a series of slow, rhythmic movements accompanied by deep breathing, performed in a slow, repetitive manner.  Each one-hour session consists of gentle physical exercise and mental focus (6).  You will need the physical ability to stand unassisted for at least 20 minutes.

Tai Chi Easy, a combination of Tai Chi and Qigong, builds strength without much exertion and recovery time.  Gentle stretching, breathing, and mental focus are deepened and broadened during each successive class. Some squatting, lunging, and turning are incorporated in these classes.

Both Tai Chi and Qigong are ancient Chinese exercises that promote optimal health and vitality.  In general, Tai Chi (pronounced tie-chee) emphasizes balance, harmony, and stress reduction (1-5, 8, 11, 12).  Qigong (pronounced chee-gong) is the practice of harnessing your life energy (Qi).

Four Parts to Your Tai Chi Easy™ Classes:

  • Breathing practices – designed to trigger relaxation responses, increase oxygen flow, and provide energy
  • Mindful movements – five gentle exercises (see below) that relax, flex, and stretch your body to help improve balance and coordination, increasing blood and lymph flow (7)
  • Self-applied massage – emphasis is placed on reflex points on hands, ears, feet, neck and scalp; intended to relax your whole body (9)
  • Meditation – focused, intentional centering of your mind on the present to calm your emotions and with Spirit (10)

Five Mindful Movements Per Set (Your Choice of Moving, Standing, or Sitting):

  • Harmonizing Yin and Yang (Active/Passive Energy) (Parting the Wild Horse Mane)
  • Brush Knee, Send Chi
  • Cutting Through to Clarity (Repel the Monkey)
  • Cloud Hands
  • Gathering Energy from the Earth and Heavens

Clothing and Footwear:

Comfortable loose (casual wear) clothing, comfortable flat sole shoes (e.g., Moccasins or sneakers).   Some of your classes may end outside, but most will be held indoors.


None.  Come ready to have some fun!  Please call Dr. Cathy Rosenbaum, Tai Chi Easy Practice Leader at 513.607.3495 or 513.248.3727 at Miami Township Civic Center 6101 Meijer Drive Milford OH for more information and to pre-register for the next six-week session beginning in August 2024.

When you cultivate balance and harmony within yourself, or in the world – that is Tai Chi.  When you work and play with the essence and energy of life, nature and the universe for healing, clarity and inner peace – that is Qigong.”  – Roger Jahnke


  1. Harner et al. Tai Chi: Moving for better balance- development of a community-based falls prevention program.  J Physical Activity Health 2008; 5:445-455
  2. Health benefits of tai chi: what is the evidence? Can Fam Physician 2016 Nov: 62 (11): 881-890.
  3. Zou et al. Tai chi for health benefits in patients with multiple sclerosis: a systematic review.  PLoS One 2017 Feb 9:12(2) e0170212
  4. Benefits of tai chi for fibromyalgia.  Pain Manag 2018 Jul 1:8(4): 247-250.
  5. Murley et al. Influence of tai chi on self-efficacy, quality of life, and fatigue among patients with cancer receiving chemotherapy: a pilot study brief.  J Holist Nur 2019 Dec; 37(4): 354-363.
  6. Jor’dan et al. Long-term tai chi training is associated with better dual-task postural control and cognition in aging adults.  Adv Mind Body Med 2018 Summer;32(3):4-11
  7. Klein et al. Qigong and tai chi as therapeutic exercise: survey of systematic reviews and meta-analyses addressing physical health conditions. Altern Ther Health Med 2019 Sept;25(5):48-53.
  8. Conboy et al. Tai chi for heart attack survivors: qualitative insights. BMJ Support Palliat Care 2019 Apr 4.
  9. Powerpak CEU for Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians 2019. Augmenting pain therapy with self-massage.
  10. Chen et al. Meditative therapies for reducing anxiety: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.  Depression and Anxiety 2012: 29:545-562.
  11. Convergence of the Nobel fields of telomere biology and DNA repair.  Photochem Photobil 2017; 93:229-237.
  12. Protocol for the MATCH study (mindfulness and tai chi for cancer health): a preference-based multi-site randomized comparative effectiveness trial (CET) of mindfulness -based cancer recovery 9MBCR) vs tai chi/qigong (TCG) for cancer survivors.  Contemp Clin Trials 2017; 59:64-76.
  13. Curry et al. Case series of multiple health benefits in those undertaking extended Qigong practice as a complementary self-care practice in an outpatient pain clinic.  OBM Integrative Complement Med Pain Management June 28, 2019.

Dietary Supplement Guidelines

by Dr. Cathy Rosenbaum, Rx Integrative Solutions                                                       

Holistic Clinical Pharmacist

Certified Health Coach

Certified Fitness Nutrition Coach


A dietary supplement is a vitamin; a mineral; an herb or other botanical; an amino acid; or a concentrate, metabolite, constituent, extract, or combination of any of the above ingredients.

SUPPLEMENT QUALITY                                                                      

The FDA is not authorized to approve dietary supplements for safety and effectiveness. Most dietary supplements can be marketed without notifying the FDA (DSHEA Act 1994).  To ensure supplement potency and purity, look for proof of independent third-party analytical testing on supplement bottle labels (e.g., see the round quality seals):

  • consumerlab.com
  • NSF (National Sanitation Foundation) nsf.org
  • USP-Verified (U.S. Pharmacopoeia) usp.org
  • c-GMP (Good Manufacturing Practice – minimum required by FDA for all dietary supplements)
  • Certificate of Analysis (see store’s website, requested from the supplement’s manufacturer)


Look for research studies in humans with your same condition/health goal, identifying the exact product, dosing, and length of therapy BEFORE you purchase any dietary supplements

  • Visit clinicaltrials.gov (NIH sponsored website for all types of research)
  • Do not be misled by marketing hype/confusing supplement claims by famous people
  • Follow your doctor’s recommendations on the use of dietary supplements is using the latter instead of prescription medications for your health needs – discuss risk/benefits with your pharmacist (e.g., prescription statins vs red yeast rice for cholesterol lowering)


  • Work with your pharmacist to manage unwanted effects and/or drug/supplement interactions
  • Write to FDA for Freedom of Information post-marking reports on supplement side effects
  • Report any unwanted supplement effects to your physician, pharmacist, or directly to the FDA via MedWatch https://www.fda.gov/safety/medwatch-fda-safety-information-and-adverse-event-reporting-program
  • Do not take both dietary supplements and prescription medications for the same indication unless directed by your physician (e.g., diabetes mellitus, high cholesterol, high blood pressure)


  • Carefully read all the instructions for supplement usage, supplement facts, active and inactive ingredient list, and warnings, remembering dietary supplements are regulated by FDA CSFAN as nutrition (not medication) and contain ‘nutritional labels’ (e.g., serving size, not ‘dosing’ like OTC medications)


  • Avoid dietary supplements with ‘proprietary blends’ when manufacturers do not disclose the actual amounts of every active ingredient (amounts considered to be a trade secret)
  • Note the proprietary blends are found in multivitamins, supplements for colds/flu, weight loss, body-building protein formulations, and many more
  • Prescription and OTC medications are not covered under the FDA’s gluten-free labeling rule whereas dietary supplements are covered. Any foods or supplements that carry the label “gluten-free,” “no gluten,” “free of gluten,” or “without gluten” must contain less than 20 parts per million (ppm) of gluten. For more information, visit the following websites:

*            www.glutenfreedrugs.com 

*            www.dailymed.nlm.nih.gov 

*            www.celiac.com 


  • Feel free to consult with your holistic clinical pharmacist as an equal partner on your decision-making team to determine which dietary supplements are appropriate for your individual health goals, health conditions, lifestyle choices, and your value system.



Newer Injectable Medications for Chronic Weight Management

      Newer Injectable Medications for Type II Diabetes or Chronic Weight Management

By Cathy Rosenbaum, PharmD MBA RPh CHC CDP CFNC

The American Medical Association (AMA) officially recognizes type II diabetes mellitus and obesity as complex chronic diseases that require a multifactorial range of treatment and prevention options.

Obesity can be caused by a combination of changes in the environment (family eating habits, lifestyle choices, behaviors), genes/metabolism, and stress and is oftentimes associated with depression in women (Pratt and Brody 2014).

As a certified health coach and certified fitness nutrition coach, I have been helping clients with their chronic weight management journey for many years.  Regarding treatment interventions, use of the prescription phentermine is decreasing due to its side effect profile of increased heart rate, blood pressure, and nervousness. Dietary supplement and OTC medication usage has also decreased due to lack of efficacy.  By comparison, newer injectable prescription medications have dramatically increased in popularity and I’m monitoring their place in weight management therapy.

The two types of injectable medications for weight management are called glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists or glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) receptor agonists.  Consumer demand is causing intermittent supply disruptions and drug shortages for patients needing the FDA-approved indication of type II diabetic management.

Injectable GLP-1 and GIP Receptor Agonists

For perspective, GLP-1 is a hormone produced in the intestine that interacts with our hunger hormones. GLP-1 receptor agonists decrease appetite by slowing gastric emptying and increasing satiety after eating. They increase the pancreas’s production of insulin when glucose levels are high.

GIP is another hormone released from the small intestine. GIP receptor agonists reduce secretion of stomach acid and increase insulin sensitivity to control blood sugar after meal ingestion.

GLP-1 and GIP receptor agonists are combined in the injectable prescription medication, Mounjaro (tirzepatide) that is FDA approved for type II diabetes mellitus but not FDA approved for chronic weight management (e.g., off-label use).

Victoza (liraglutide) is FDA approved to treat type II diabetes mellitus, Saxenda (liraglutide) is FDA approved for chronic weight management in a different dosage regimen.

Ozempic (semaglutide) is FDA-approved for type II diabetes mellitus, and Wegovy (semaglutide) is approved for chronic weight management in a different dosage regimen.

Injectables are covered by insurance for type II diabetics but may not be covered for the weight management indication (cost ~$1000-$1200/month).


Generic Drug Name FDA Approved Type II Anti-Diabetic Drug/Brand Name Chronic Weight Management in Adults with or without Type II Diabetes Drug/Brand Name Comments
Semaglutide Ozempic (SQ)


Rybelsus (Oral)

Wegovy* – inject SQ once weekly GLP-1 receptor agonist


Is now FDA approved for chronic weight management in children > 12 years old who meet criteria.

Liraglutide Victoza Saxenda* – inject SQ once daily GLP-1 receptor agonist
Tirzepatide Mounjaro No different brand name yet, since it’s not yet FDA approved for this indication- inject SQ once weekly. Combination GLP-1 receptor agonist and GIP receptor agonist

GLP-1 receptor agonist side effects:

  • Nausea & vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation & abdominal pain
  • “Ozempic face”

GIP receptor agonist side effect: Anti-emetic (good in combination with GLP-1 receptor agonists that can cause nausea)

Contraindications: Injectable GLP-1 receptor agonists and GIP receptor agonists are contraindicated in pregnancy and with a personal or family history of medullary thyroid carcinoma or multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome type 2.

GLP-1 receptor agonists carry a boxed warning about a risk of thyroid C-cell tumors (based on animal data, no corresponding human data).

Length of Therapy for Weight Management

Chronic diseases like obesity may require long-term treatment. The FDA has approved subcutaneous Saxenda and subcutaneous Wegovy for long-term weight management.

Please remember to only use chronic weight management medications after all other options have been exhausted and then only as an adjunct to healthy diet and regular exercise routine. It has been reported that once these medications are discontinued, weight comes back even more than before medication use.

Your health care provider will create a plan tailored to your weight-management goals. You’ll need to visit your health care provider 4 months after you begin taking Saxenda or Wegovy to review your progress and renew your prescription if appropriate.

Dietary Supplements Touted for Chronic Weight Management

In 2015 the NIH Health Office of Dietary Supplements reviewed 19 ingredients in dietary supplements touted for chronic weight management.  None demonstrated significant beneficial effects on weight management or change in body composition.

Product Alleged Pharmacology (Animal/Lab Studies) Side Effects Comments
GTF Chromium May promote glucose utilization and increased sensitivity of insulin receptors Vertigo, N&V Essential trace mineral.


Found in broccoli, whole wheat and rye breads, grape juice, potatoes, turkey breast, apples with peels, green beans, bananas, romaine lettuce)

Green Tea Extract –


Camellia sinensis


Caffeine may stimulate body’s metabolism Anxiety, irritability, insomnia Caffeine, active


Catechins (flavonoids) are antioxidants (general health)


Vanadium (vanadyl sulfate – oxidative form) May improve insulin sensitivity and glucose uptake Abdominal discomfort, diarrhea, gas, loss of energy Trace mineral.


Found in pepper, dill, radishes

Raspberry Ketones May stimulate the hormone adiponectin, an enhancer of fatty acid oxidation, glucose regulation Jitteriness, increased heart rate, increased blood pressure Found in red raspberries, kiwifruit, peaches, and apples
Green Coffee Bean Extract Possible inhibition of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphatase


In vitro, glucose-6-phosphatase induces glucose production in the liver

Increased heart rate, increased blood pressure Chlorogenic acid (antioxidant)


Caffeine, active

Garcinia Cambogia May reduce synthesis of fatty acids and glycogen storage via inhibition of ATP citrate lyase Liver toxicity, long term in higher dose (case studies) Hydrocitric acid, active

Holistic Weight Loss Strategy

Any successful chronic weight management program is first and foremost dedicated comprehensive, healthy lifestyle choices (e.g., walking, exercise, stress management, socialization, sleep hygiene, spiritual health, other healthy food choices and portions).

The initial recommendation for safe weight loss is 5%-10% of body weight over six months to reduce risk of developing type II diabetes mellitus, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure.  This translates into a decrease in daily calorie intake by ~500 below daily energy needs (e.g., 1-2 pounds/week). A greater rate of weight loss does not yield better long-term results.

Evidence-based dietary guidelines (U.S. Department of Agriculture 2015-2020) have given us www.choosemyplate.gov for proper portion control and recommend dividing one’s plate into 4 quarters (1/2 for fruits and veggies, ¼ for lean protein, and ¼ with whole grains, plus milk or calcium-rich foods for bone health).  The Mediterranean Diet is the world’s gold standard for plant-based nutrition.

How to Eat Mindfully (National Society of Health Coaches)

  • Set a mealtime S.M.A.R.T. satisfaction goal with a health coach
  • Create your personal ‘I’m done eating’ signal
  • Sit down to eat and minimize outside distractions with a focus on the present
  • Be mindful of your hunger and fullness level before, during, and after eating
  • Create several mindful pauses before, during and after eating
  • Express mindful attitudes of self-compassion, non-judgment, kindness, patience, joy, and thanksgiving regarding food intake

Take Home Message

  • Physicians and CNP’s with prescribing privileges should be aware of national injectable chronic weight management/type II diabetes mellitus treatment medication supply shortages
  • All medications and dietary supplements can have side effects, and some interact so they are ideally be managed by talking with a pharmacist
  • Work with a health coach to assess your readiness to change and your commitment to change and personal values about taking medications before embarking on a weight loss program
  • Purchase and use a fitness wearable to track steps, calories burned, heart rate, REM sleep
  • Weight yourself once a week; regularly exercise with a routine approved by your physician and guided by a trainer
  • Measure your waistline at least once a month (high risk of developing chronic condition if > 35 inches for women and >40 inches for men)


  1.   Reducing risk of obesity: defining the role of weight loss drugs.  Pharmacotherapy 2013:
  2. The safety and effectiveness of natural supplements for weight loss in populations with obesity: a critical review of the literature from 2006 to 2016.  Crit Rev Food Sci Nutri 2019:
  3. Obesity therapy: How and why? Curr Med Chem 2019:26:1-12.
  4. The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics Volume 64, Issue 1651, May 30, 2022.
  5. The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics Volume 65, Issue 1670, February 20, 2023.